Survival Tips and Tricks.
Sometimes the road will lead you in the places, in which people have never been. There are many tracks there, but they are the tracks of animals, winds and rivers, traces of time. To be here is a huge reward that comes after a long, long and hard journey.
How to get rid of midges
A cloud of biting midges follows a traveler everywhere. No matter how fast he walks. What are the midges? Are they flying vampires? Often they follow you even if it pours.
An old rotten birch is replete not only with excellent kindling – birch bark, but also with spunk, a parasitic fungus that most likely killed that tree.
Having cut off the rounded part of the spunk, we cut it into thin parts. Previously we had removed the mushroom from the tree, of course. But then we came to the conclusion that it is more convenient to cut the fungus without tearing it from the trunk. This fungus, which is fatal for birch, is a lifesaver for us.
And here is one of my survival tricks. The spunk is a real natural repellent. We do not save it for the future, because it is quite easy to find it in the forest if you want.
Smoldering spunk, strung on a pole or laid on a stone, gives copiously a light woody smoke, that does not tolerate any biting midges at all. I wonder, how long do midges live, after inhaling that smoke?
On average one cut part of the tinder smolders from 15 to 25 minutes. When the wind is constantly changing, you can make a few poles with spunk.
And now we can concentrate on the important things without being distracted by those hungry insects and enjoy result.
This tip can be used anywhere: When setting up a camp during a long fishing trip in one place, when collecting mushrooms in a forest.
It’s a 100% ECO-product, and it gives you no headache, as for example a mosquito coil. Fresh spunk is more difficult to ignite because of the presence of moisture in it.
But such a tinder – dried, and eaten by bark beetles we can ignite in a few seconds.
And it works great!
We are located on a shingly shore of a picturesque river. This place is ideal for a camp, but there is one drawback… There is no firewood.
All the wood is on the other side, where it is carried out by a powerful spring flood. It is not convenient to set up a camp there: the terrain is uneven and there is a lot of shrubbery.
But it is quite possible to collect firewood there. We decide to float the timber down river directly to the camp remembering the traditions of our ancestors An ordinary cord with tensile strength of 30-40kg, is wrapped in a loop around the desired log.
Then the log goes down to the water. Then we go with a log on a leash to our camp. One of the most impressive survival tips and tricks!
It is not really important, that the log is wet. If there are a lot of coals and heat in the campfire, the water will quickly evaporate, and the wood will start to burn.
The river actively helped us to collect firewood. And the logs can be as big as you need. The main thing is to be able to push the logs into the water and to get the necessary firewood out of it.
A wet log caught fire half an hour after putting into the campfire despite the rain and dampness. How many days do you think such a log can burn?
It is even easier to float firewood down the river together. One ties it up and drops it, and the other pulls it up and pulls it out.
Sometimes difficult problems have simple solutions.
Nature can help us, but we must act. Don’t be discouraged! A long rain can be depressing. But it will definitely be replaced by a rainbow.
Cooking in the wild
Sphagnum moss is an unique forest plant. Now I will show you, how to use sphagnum moss in the wild.
It is used for decontamination of wounds, making primitive water filters, in construction and gardening.
Sphagnum can also be used in forest cuisine. It is a good tradition to take eggs with you on trips through the forests.
And this is the easiest way to cook an egg without dishes we have ever tried. A small fire and one stack of dry twigs.
We need a few fresh branches of any shrub. Actually we’ll only need one, but if it breaks down at f crucial moment, there should be spare ones. We put branches on the fire for 10-20 seconds. So they will be easier to bend.
We thoroughly mark them in the center.
We put the egg in the moss and make a small ball out of it. Further make a simple knot from a branch and place it on the ball so that it does not fall apart.
Well, then in the fire for 10-12 minutes. If the moss is dry, before laying it, you need to dip it in water immediately after the rain has ended, so this moss is already wet. It can be immediately placed in the fire. The egg is really cooked, the evaporation of moisture from the moss in the coals creates the effect of boiling water inside it. The thin spruce branches quickly burned through. It’s time to get our egg. It’s hot. I would like to cool it in the river, but the bank is too steep.
This quick and easy way has helped us out several times. We hope it will be useful to you. The serving is not restaurant, but forest, but this makes it even tastier! An easy quick meal, the sunset and the sounds of forest life. A beautiful moment.
Birch bark bowl
Spruce bark is an indispensable building material. The Idegei, for example, used it to create their gable yurts. Spruce bark can also be used for household purposes, to create dishes. With a sharp knife, we mark the contour of the future container. The bark is several times thicker than birch bark. It is more difficult to cut it, but at the same time, the dishes of their spruce bark and serve much longer than the thinand brittle – birch.
A sharpened stick is the perfect tool for separating the bark from the trunk of a tree. We work without haste, but methodically and carefully. The bark should be removed as a whole piece without any cracks and holes. This spruce tree was felled by a storm quite recently. There is still a lot of resinous sap in the wood, which makes it quite easy, though not without monotonous work, to separate the bark from the wood.
To get rid of this resinous juice, it is enough to simply wipe the inner surface of the bark with sand. If this is not done, then the water or food cooked in such a dish will have a resinous hue. Although, someonelikes it.
We cut off the excess parts. You should get a rectangle. Now, from the outer part, shallow grooves should appear, strictly to the inner, soft part of the bark. It is on them that the bark will bend and form a container for water. Gently bend the bark.
If it goes hard, you can easily walk along the groove with a knife. The most important thing is to bend the corners correctly. It doesn’t always work out the way you want it to. If one of the corners is cracked, it doesn’t matter. It can be clamped either by hand or pinched with a branch. The spruce dishes are ready. The approximate volume is 2 liters. Just the thing for a bowl of soup. You can use such dishes for carrying water, boiling it. And, how to boil on fire, and the rocks inside the tank. To fix the edges, you can make clothespins from wood. We showed this video about a bathhouse from an awning. But there is another way: Fix this plate or pot between two trees, and let it dry well.
According to the same principle, you can make dishes from any soft bark: Aspen, birch, gray alder.
But spruce dishes are the most reliable and will last longer.
Lichen usnea or in the common people-the beard of the goblin, a powerful natural antibiotic. Usnea destroys tuberculosis bacillus, pneumococcus and other microbes. It lives on the trunks and branches offirs, firs, cedars, larches and birches. In addition, it is one of the softest natural materials.
Sometimes, when there are a lot of usnei nearby, we make a pillow out of a replacement T-shirt. The bottom and sleeves are tied in simple knots, the neck area remains free. Now it remains to dial usnei. In 5 minutes, it turns out to make a small pillow, Which is as soft as a down pillow.
At night, such a pillow will give a good sleep, and during the day-a magical feeling for the one who will sit on it by the fire. For flavor, you can add a couple of fir twigs. We lay it down in knots so that the soft part is on top. If there is a usnea nearby, just try to make such a pillow. It’s worth it!
Evening is falling, a thick fog is falling. The river and the crackling of the fire are heard more clearly. The forest is getting ready for bed. They can be used in almost any situation: When you need a sharp object,but nothing suitable was at hand. As a wedge, so that the saw is not clamped when sawing wood.
When collecting resin, it is more convenient to use it than your working knife, which then needs to be cleaned from the resins. This one can also be used once. It is not a pity to throw it away, you can immediately make a dozen others.
They can cut up the fish, clean it from the scales.
If the knife is lost or the carbon plate is lost, it can be used to strike sparks from the flint. We are talking about primitive stone knives.
The best stones for making such a tool are strong and smooth river pebbles, with veins of cracks on the surface about as thick as a hair.
There are two techniques for obtaining stone knives: The first is called “collision of the poles” Choosing a stone with a vein, you need to hit it with a cue ball, that is, another stone on this very vein. The resonance of the impact will cut through the vein and give us a beautiful primitive tool.
Sometimes the stone breaks up into small fragments and fragments. All this can be used as a piercing and cutting tool. It doesn’t look very presentable, but it works fine. The larger the stone, the more it turns the knife. The second technique is even simpler-without a cue ball, but more traumatic.
Fragments from a side impact without a cue ball fly in all directions. They can also fly into your eyes. Therefore, it is better to use the first one. It is safer and more accurate. This simple stone knife making skill is easy to acquire. Who knows, maybe someday this knowledge will help in a difficult moment. When practicing these techniques, it is important to take care of your vision and fingers, not to rush. And when this skill is honed, you can move on to the next level. Production of circular stone knives. We will definitely tell you about this in the future.
Steamer in the wild
The stones can also be useful for culinary purposes. We will need stones with a diameter of at least 50 millimeters. We clean them from the sand and put them in the same height in the boiler.
Fill it with water level or just below the stones, and lay smaller stones to completely cover the bottom of the boiler.
We put it on the fire and wait until it boils. This is how a primitive forest steamer is made. The water is evaporated during the boiling process, it is better to put food when the stones are visible from the water by 15-20 millimeters.
Before the trip, we decided to make steamed fish and vegetables. We put everything on the stones, take it out as soon as it is ready. Zucchini, carrots, tomatoes and potatoes. Food can lean against the walls ofthe boiler. Nothing will burn. It now has a real steam bath.
This method allows you to prepare dietary food. No fat or vegetable oil is used here. Such food does not contain carcinogens and other dangerous substances. Steam cooks food more gently and allows you to store more vitamins and minerals in your food. The food retains its appearance and does not fall apart. This cuisine will surely be appreciated by those who carefully monitor their diet, and aim for a minimum number of calories with maximum preservation of useful vitamins and minerals.
Sometimes we prefer to cook a rich, rich fish broth, but today, as always, we want to say that the forest gives us the opportunity to learn and create.
Often forest things are as functional as their modern counterparts, and sometimes even better. After all, they were created by our amazing hands, in harmony with the amazing nature.