Tips and tricks for survival in the open air and in the wild. Bushcraft USA. I continue to share my little tricks with you. If you want to make your camp in the forest more atmospheric, then do not miss this article.
There are many ways to lay a fire, many bushcraft tips, and each has its own purpose. For example an ordinary stone will make any fire more versatile and effective. This does not require much effort. For the future fire, we select the right size and shape of a stone. The main thing is that you can put a kettle or a pot on it.
If the appropriate shape of the stone is slightly larger than the desired size, it can be slightly dug in to the desired height. This can easily be done with a simple stick.
In the recess we install a stone and seal it with earth so that it does not wobble, and you can safely put the pot.
It is better if the stone is placed in the center of the fire, so we make a fire from all sides at once. The brushwood still damp from heavy rains dries and crackles merrily. The smell of smoke and the murmur of the rapid river complement the picturesque place.
On this cloudy but warm day we put wood on the fire and put the kettle on the stone. Burning flames heat the kettle from the sides, and hot coals heat the stone. The heat rises to the kettle from the bottom, the water boils, and it’s time to drink tea.
And the fire continues to heat the stone, it will absorb as much heat as it can. When the fire goes out and the coals burn out, the stone will give off heat, which is enough to keep the water in the kettle warm.
If there is no protective mesh on the inside of the teapot that prevents the tea leaves from falling into the cup, we can insert a coniferous branch into the spout of the teapot. This is one of small but so useful survival tips and tricks.
While we are drinking delicious tea, the kettle is standing on a stone in the heating mode. This simple but effective method of using stone and fire together was invented by the Indians. The books describe many other such simple bushcraft tricks that helped to equip the life of those wise people.
Birch bark is the most common and easy-to-use material for making various dishes, for example a forest mushroom basket.
. But a simple berries basket or mushrooms basket can also be made from aspen bark. On our way we came across a fallen aspen. Its bark is thicker than birch bark and less elastic, but still suitable for making good dishes.
Today it is pretty hot and we decided to sit under a fur tree next to a cool stream. Sitting comfortably on the spruce roots we spend time with benefit.
In order not to form cracks when bending the bark from the outside we cut off the top layer according to the pre-applied marking.
The marking indicates the contour of the bottom. The wider the bottom the bigger the basket. Carefully and slowly fold the bark from the sides.
We make two through holes at the bottom and a top.
Then we insert a suitable fir branch into these holes and tie it.
One of the walls was specially made higher. From that side we make a hole to make a handle. We cut the corners so that they do not interfere.
The basket is ready. You can collect mushrooms or a full basket of berries. The main thing is to know which ones are useful for a person.
How to placing a backpack
In our region the hot weather lasts for a long time, only short-term heavy rains periodically release us from the scorching sun. You can hide in the shade of the forest for a short rest. In order not to put the backpack on the wet ground or grass, we attach it to a tree with an ordinary stick passing it through the shoulder straps. One more from that amount of small survival tips and tricks I like so much.
In the same way the backpack can be hung on a small branch or something else that will fit.
All the same ordinary stick can be installed in the gap between two trees.
If you do not have a stick at hand, you can use an axe, it is always there, I hope.
Case for axe
On the blade of one of my axes I always wear a protective leather case for safe carrying, but this case does not fit all axes.
For the other axes we use wooden blanks of the right size. It should be slightly larger than the width of the blade.
Two cuts are made directed to the center. The width between the cuts and their depth should be enough to place the blades fits there without any effort.
On both sides, we make a groove along the entire circumference.
And we tie a rope around.
For the beginning we leave the ends long. We tie the noose on both sides so that it can freely move along the rope, but when we vpull the case will tightly fixed. We put it on the blade and tighten the knots of the noose.
With such a knote the axe can be quickly set to work and also quickly put away. The axe can also be wrapped with a rag, but it will get out of order much faster. And if it gets wet, then the entire blade of the axe will be wet.
It is 5 am. The moon has not yet hidden and the sun is slowly rising above the tops of the trees. The fog over the river gradually dissipates and we move upstream. We walked 15 kilometers under the scorching sun for 7 hours with short stops for fishing. We planned 2 two days of fishing and decided to find out whose experience will allow us to catch the best trophy.
However, the weather decided to surprise us. A sudden thunderstorm with powerful gusts of wind changed our plans.
We install an awning as fast as we can to hide ourselves and our things from the rain.
After such a downpour the water became muddy and it is better to fill the kettle with clean rainwater.
The river rose 150 millimeters just in front of my eyes, and the current increased significantly. It will take about 5 days for the river to return to its previous mode and for the fish to became active and to bite again. We were disappointed. Only tea helps us to maintain a positive attitude.
We decided to move back tomorrow morning, because if the water rises ten centimeters more, we will not be able to pass through the riverbed. Today we will enjoy a quiet evening in this forest wilderness.
That was a bad fishing, but it might be a nice relax.
How to ease the way
The usual poles can help to ease the way. They help to make our way through tall grass, or rocky terrain.
A cloud is near and it will probably rain again soon. We’re going to ford the river. When a river has a strong current you can make a mark on your boots. It makes it much easier to move.
The mark will tell you when it’s time to stop and start looking for another way before the water runs into your boots. It’s one of the most pleasant survival tips. No one likes wet boots.
The pole makes it easier to find a log under water and to pass it, because the log is slippery. Finally the poles help the entire team to be out of the river.
In summer we prefer to use awning as a shelter. Every hiker should know how to build an awning, because it is a very useful item. It is especially easy to install for one person and there is a place for it everywhere.
An awning 3×3 meters in size is folded into a triangle. The side parts and the front lower part are fixed to the ground.
If you are located next to a young tree, you can use it to stretch the upper edge. It is important not to overdo it and not to break the tree.
If everything is done correctly, there will be no damage to it. We should secure the edges and center well so that it doesn’t get pulled up.
We attach a small chip to the center of the tent by wrapping it in a couple of layers.
And we tie it to the same tree.
It will be more convenient this way. If there is no young tree nearby that can bend, then it can be tied to the branch of a bigger and stronger tree.
After you release the young tree it will completely straighten out in a few hours.
Often simple solutions are the most effective and the more we know the faster we can find the best solution for any task! And after every hike I find new survival tips and tricks and will be glad to share my knowledge with you! Survival in the forest is a very interesting and useful experience you can get.