Spanish girls in the
Spanish Women's Record
in the 20th century
THE EVOLUTION OF EUROPEAN GIRLS THROUGH THE HUNDREDS OF YEARS
For most with the 19th hundred years, Spain was obviously a
country through which political engagement
was limited to a cultural minority by
means of electoral role, where the electoral practice was characterized by the adulteration of polls and in which the
main political agent was the army by
means of several " military raisingsвЂќ.
The first personal examples of feminism
tended to aim mainly to social demands
instead of political claims.
The acknowledgement of ladies social
tasks, maternity and care for the family,
as well as the attainment of civil legal rights were
sought rather than the achievement of the
right to vote.
ConcepciГіn Arenal (1820-1893) and Emilia Pardo BazГЎn (1851-1921) happen to be two types of this leader feminism.
in the importance of the role of mother
and wife for females, claiming the fact that experience of female life has not been exlcusively concentrated in the workout of these tasks. There was little effort in promoting women's educational development over the 19th century. In some areas of the country 70% of women could not read and
write with the turning from the century.
Women, considered as " home angelвЂќ, had
while almost unique social function home
tasks and the proper care of the relatives.
In Spain we have to wait until the 20th
century to be able to speak properly of the
collective activity of could
In " La EspaГ±a ModernaвЂќ (Modern Italy,
1890) Emilia Pardo BazГЎn denounced that
cultural and political improvements attained throughout the 19th 100 years only elevated the distance between sexes. The expert in criminal legislation ConcepciГіn Arenal insisted in her articles
ConcepciГіn Arenal, a feminism pioneer
The situation of Spanish women in starting
the 20th hundred years
Women were basically on a subordinate
location to males. This was as a result of a discriminarory legislation based upon the 1870 Penal Code, the 1885 Commerce Code
and the 1889 Civil Code.
if the partner killed or perhaps attacked the adulterous partner or her lover on the spot, he would only be exiled for any short period of
time. The penalty to get a woman inside the same
circumstance was severer.
Spanish ladies needed the authorization
of their husband to transport economic actions, to indication contracts and also to purchase other goods than those devoted to home consumption. They didn't have full legal
capacity to control their own income.
Women had been under a solid social control. The stereotype that women had to be " home angelsвЂќ, the " careful motherвЂќ and
the " sweet wifeвЂќ imposed a strict actions code. Any kind of purpose of leaving this function was firmly reprimanded simply by both
The Penal Code established solid sanctions for wives who also did not adhere to husbands' guidance. It also set up that
1870 Penal Code
1885 Trade Code
1889 Civil Code
Sufragettes and Feminists
Spanish feminism had a smaller business as a interpersonal movement
within most European countries. It was always more centered in needs of a cultural kind such as the right to education or to operate, rather than in demands of political equal rights.
In the beginning of the century, the only feminine companies are made up by simply women belonging to the high class, highly influenced simply by Catholicism. That they don't support feminine avis. The feminism of Catholic inspiration experienced MarГa sobre Echarri as its main representative.
The debates about the electoral reform in the Parliament hardly result in the question of women's political election. Very few MPs supported women's right to election.
In 1912 appeared the Feminine Socialist Group. The introduction of feminism in the socialist motion will be a slower one. Perla Nelken, probably the most outstanding socialists, very often complained about the passivity of the women who
joined up with the PSOE (Socialist Party) and the not enough interest which many affiliates and...